October 21, 2017

Grape Varieties for Minnesota

Peter Hemstad, Assistant Scientist, Department of Horticultural Science

Grapes can grow in most of Minnesota if varieties adapted to our severe winters and short growing season are chosen. This table lists the varieties home gardeners should consider. Fuller descriptions of the vines and fruit follow the table.

Key for Hardiness:

  • Tender = Requires winter protection everywhere in Minnesota.
  • Tender-Moderately Hardy = Can be grown without protection on especially good sites in southern Minnesota.
  • Moderately Hardy = Can be grown without protection on good sites in central Minnesota.
  • Hardy = Can be grown without protection throughout the Southern two thirds of the state. Will require protection in northern Minnesota.
  • Very Hardy = Needs no winter protection in Minnesota.
Variety Origin Relative Hardiness Berry Color Ripening Season Principal Uses
WINE GRAPES
Frontenac U of M hardy black mid-late red and rosé wine
Frontenac Gris U of M hardy gray mid-late white wine
La Crescent U of M hardy white mid white wine
La Crosse Swenson mod. hardy white mid white wine
Leon Millot France mod. hardy black early red wine
Marechal Foch France mod. hardy black early red and rosé wine
Marquette U of M hardy black early red wine
Prairie Star Swenson hardy white mid white wine
Seyval French tender white mid white wine
St. Croix Swenson mod. hardy black mid red wine
St. Pepin Swenson mod. hardy white mid white wine, juice
TABLE GRAPES
Bluebell U of M hardy blue early-mid table, juice, jelly
Edelweiss U of M mod. hardy white early table, wine
Louise Swenson Swenson mod hardy white mid table, wine
Swenson Red U of M tender-mod red mid table
Worden NY mod. hardy blue early-mid table, juice, jelly
SEEDLESS TABLE GRAPES
Mars Arkansas tender-mod blue mid seedless table
Petite Jewel Swenson mod. hardy red early-mid seedless table
Vanessa Ontario tender red mid-late seedless table
GRAPES FOR JUICE & JELLY
Beta MN very hardy blue mid juice, jelly
Concord MA tender-mod blue late juice, jelly, table
King of the North WI very hardy blue mid juice, jelly
Valiant SD very hardy blue early juice, jelly