October 21, 2017

Performance of Blueberry Cultivars in Minnesota

K. Mann, P. Johnson – North Central Research and Outreach Center, Grand Rapids

J. Luby, E. Hoover – Department of Horticultural Science, St. Paul

D. Bedford, J. Elskamp, & L. Miroslawski – Horticultural Research Center, Excelsior

S. Poppe – West Central Research and Outreach Center, Morris


Performance of blueberry cultivars at Becker, MN. Planting established in 2000.

Yield (lb/plant)

Cultivar

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Mean

Bluecrop

0.58

1.99

2.82

1.02

2.42

4.52

2.20

1.27

1.61

2.04

Chippewa

1.21

3.52

1.35

2.11

10.36

6.77

6.05

5.64

0.36

4.15

Northblue

1.13

2.73

1.26

1.11

5.35

4.29

2.36

4.44

0.37

2.56

Northland

0.95

3.08

1.21

1.07

4.16

11.16

7.87

0.96

0.60

3.45

Polaris

0.74

1.65

0.41

0.66

1.55

1.68

2.07

4.67

0.44

1.54

Superior

0.52

4.23

1.66

0.56

5.19

6.61

5.10

2.23

0.74

3.98

LSD 5%

0.64

2.15

1.36

1.16

3.61

3.35

2.90

3.20

0.81

2.13

Average Berry Weight (g)

Cultivar

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Mean

Bluecrop

2.11

1.28

1.24

1.78

1.80

1.68

2.08

1.75

1.75

1.72

Chippewa

1.24

1.18

1.27

1.44

1.31

1.39

1.58

1.20

1.28

1.32

Northblue

1.59

1.35

1.50

1.48

1.34

1.64

1.46

1.70

1.37

1.49

Northland

1.00

1.00

1.28

1.47

1.21

1.14

1.20

1.33

1.23

1.21

Polaris

1.10

1.09

0.93

1.17

0.92

1.17

1.96

1.26

1.12

1.19

Superior

1.45

1.30

1.31

1.44

1.63

1.29

1.46

1.78

1.87

1.50

LSD 5%

0.31

0.40

0.59

0.77

0.60

0.25

0.36

0.45

0.40

0.47


Performance of blueberry cultivars at Becker, MN. Planting established in 1989 and harvested through 2010.

 Yield (lb/plant)
Cultivar 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Mean
Bluecrop 0.11 1.47 0.03 1.79 5.16 7.81 8.36 1.01 6.82 0.00 2.42 3.51 9.12 6.46 4.56  1.28 3.83 3.75
Friendship 0.56 1.79 0.23 3.70 4.38 4.96 4.24 2.00 4.47 0.00 2.84 1.20 6.05 3.99 2.40  0.46 4.61 2.82
Northblue 0.95 1.16 0.62 4.46 3.75 5.01 4.11 9.53 2.80 0.00 5.71 1.62 5.80 4.25 5.57 12.37 10.13 4.58
Patriot 0.48 2.14 0.13 2.66 6.12 8.01 7.28 6.59 3.44 0.00 5.35 4.87 7.81 4.34 5.82  3.02 4.84 4.29
St. Cloud 0.86 1.39 0.15 2.53 3.09 2.13 5.31 5.00 1.34 0.00 3.18 0.94 4.40 2.60 2.54  4.77 4.31 2.62
Superior 1.04 1.57 0.07 2.76 4.59 4.86 6.20 5.58 3.54 0.00 4.36 1.25 6.11 3.08 2.52  5.05 10.96 3.74
LSD 5% 0.47 0.82 0.23 1.30 1.69 1.84 2.25 2.20 1.28   1.54 1.21 1.90 1.56 1.69 2.15 2.90  
 Average Berry Weight (g)
Cultivar 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Mean
Bluecrop 2.45 1.79 1.60 1.99 1.98 1.13 1.41 1.22 1.80 0.00 2.34 2.10 1.46 1.98 2.05 2.34 1.89 1.74
Friendship 1.44 0.94 1.02 0.98 1.23 0.78 1.18 0.64 1.11 0.00 1.09 1.33 0.76 0.97 1.12 0.99 1.35 1.00
Northblue 2.54 1.85 1.95 1.77 2.32 1.54 1.75 1.15 2.25 0.00 1.96 2.05 1.67 1.83 2.17 1.89 1.74 1.79
Patriot 2.05 1.70 1.57 1.82 2.24 1.23 1.59 1.01 1.63 0.00 2.09 2.18 1.60 1.66 2.06 1.83 1.74 1.65
St. Cloud 1.78 1.37 1.10 1.55 1.99 1.26 1.53 1.17 1.38 0.00 1.62 1.48 1.29 1.46 1.65 1.65 1.49 1.40
Superior 1.70 1.37 1.19 1.67 1.88 1.19 1.42 1.08 1.54 0.00 1.57 1.68 1.17 1.40 1.74 1.60 1.35 1.39
LSD 5% 0.30 0.20 0.28 0.24 0.25 0.17 0.32 0.27 0.22   0.23 0.27 0.14 0.25 0.50 0.16 0.22  

Performance of blueberry cultivars at Grand Rapids, MN. Planting established in 1989 and harvested through 2006.

 Yield (lb/plant)
Cultivar 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Mean
Bluecrop 0.22 0.25 1.34 0.63 1.22 3.38 4.16 0.33 1.89 0.55 0.43 0.44 0.00 0.08 0.23 0.49 0.98
Friendship 0.13 0.31 1.06 1.48 1.20 1.80 3.43 1.03 0.87 0.85 1.49 0.58 0.00 0.15 1.67 0.61 1.04
Northblue 0.79 2.02 2.34 1.94 1.76 2.85 5.28 1.91 3.06 2.45 4.32 0.53 0.00 1.32 1.77 0.72 2.07
Patriot 0.54 1.65 2.96 1.62 1.96 2.55 4.38 1.70 2.14 0.21 2.08 1.22 0.00 0.03 0.81 0.10 1.50
St. Cloud 0.96 1.43 1.10 2.29 2.08 2.81 5.05 2.89 3.04 1.66 4.47 1.99 0.00 0.77 1.65 1.56 2.11
Superior 1.37 2.58 3.54 2.59 3.29 4.00 7.28 3.09 3.84 3.97 6.65 2.14 0.00 1.81 4.46 2.46 3.32
LSD 5% 0.31 0.70 1.18 0.98 0.89 1.15 1.79 1.10 1.21 0.99 1.57 0.93   0.76 1.36 1.42  
  Average Berry Weight (g)
Cultivar 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Mean
Bluecrop 1.88 1.63 2.09 2.35 1.71 2.08 2.10 2.52 2.26 2.08 3.00 2.42 0.00 2.72 2.12 1.46 2.03
Northblue 2.19 2.06 2.06 1.52 1.77 1.81 1.81 2.23 2.02 0.72 0.87 0.82 0.00 0.69 0.97 0.97 1.41
Patriot 1.68 1.59 1.77 1.83 1.59 1.96 1.61 2.25 1.64 1.66 1.51 1.74 0.00 1.71 1.48 1.50 1.59
St. Cloud 1.87 1.20 1.55 1.56 1.20 1.74 1.44 1.77 1.60 1.31 1.78 1.93 0.00 1.84 1.29 1.31 1.46
Friendship 1.04 0.80 0.81 1.00 0.70 1.09 0.82 1.02 1.00 1.26 1.07 1.03 0.00 1.21 1.22 1.21 0.95
Superior 1.56 1.20 1.74 1.60 1.37 1.73 1.52 1.70 1.75 1.18 1.32 1.71 0.00 1.56 1.14 1.32 1.40
LSD 5% 0.30 0.39 0.43 0.40 0.28 0.30 0.27 0.37 0.38 0.34 0.40 0.32       0.22  

Performance of blueberry cultivars at Becker, MN. Planting established in 1984 and harvested through 2006. 

 Yield (lb/plant)
Cultivar 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Mean
Bluecrop 0.29 0.09 1.81 1.90 1.30 0.61 5.07 0.17 4.07 7.49 10.76 6.84 0.91 7.40 0.00       3.25
Chippewa 4.26 1.44 4.20 4.59 4.30 2.56 7.38 1.50 12.59 3.91 10.53 8.91 12.92 4.33 0.00 10.82 4.52 8.32 5.95
Northblue 3.52 1.43 4.38 5.33 5.19 2.42 6.34 1.44 11.05 8.60 9.04 6.67 11.38 3.63 0.00 10.24 4.21 8.45 5.74
Northcountry 1.51 0.65 2.15 2.41 2.62 1.97 3.68 2.38 4.82 3.91 2.70 5.46 8.02 2.67 0.00       3.00
Northland 1.69 0.91 3.72 3.89 4.39 2.62 8.91 1.11 12.89 7.00 11.89 6.53 3.86 7.33 0.00 12.69 1.90 9.20 5.58
Northsky 0.91 0.11 0.60 0.19 0.91 0.94                         0.61
Patriot 0.76 0.08 3.84 4.36 1.57 1.74 3.75 1.11 5.01 6.46 9.43 5.15 8.02 3.81 0.00 8.92 7.32 6.41 4.32
Polaris 2.44 1.97 3.10 7.57 4.65 1.77 4.45 2.75 9.13 5.20 7.99 8.50 7.83 3.75 0.00 8.66 4.35 5.77 4.99
LSD 5%           1.54 1.91 1.13 3.22 3.33 6.18 6.32 4.37 2.43   4.08 3.47 4.12  
 Average Berry Weight (g)
 Cultivar 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005  2006 Mean
Bluecrop 2.05 0.91 1.83 2.08 2.58 2.68 1.75 2.26 1.82 1.62 1.40 1.51 2.68 1.87       1.93
Chippewa 1.25 1.51 1.13 1.24 1.73 1.71 1.52 1.89 1.31 2.12 1.31 1.58 1.47 1.53 1.35 1.60 1.32 1.50
Northblue 1.78 1.64 1.44 1.35 1.88 2.07 1.64 1.98 1.54 1.48 1.52 1.79 1.65 1.82 1.99 1.63 1.48 1.69
Northcountry 0.91 0.78 0.57 0.79 0.86 0.86 0.79 0.92 0.70 0.93 0.71 0.83 0.69 0.68       0.79
Northland 1.47 1.15 1.03 1.32 1.35 1.70 1.10 1.61 1.03 1.12 1.03 1.22 1.12 1.20 1.20 1.59 1.16 1.26
Northsky 1.04 0.44 0.60 0.86 0.85 0.95                         0.79
Patriot 2.35 1.10 1.86 1.86 2.29 2.12 1.79 2.37 1.91 2.35 1.39 2.13 1.70 1.77 2.30 1.96 1.71 1.94
Polaris 1.09 1.55 0.72 1.15 1.43 1.76 1.25 1.71 1.28 1.77 1.22 1.51 1.28 1.23 1.82 1.50 1.32 1.39
LSD 5%           0.33 0.17 0.32 0.32 0.25 0.50 0.38 0.39 0.32   0.46 0.36 0.23  

Performance of blueberry cultivars at Grand Rapids, MN. Planting established in 1984 and harvested through 2006.

 Yield (lb/plant)
Cultivar 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Mean
Bluecrop 0.08 0.02 0.07 0.73 0.04 0.13 0.33 2.49 0.28 3.44 3.63 5.86 0.47 3.39 3.40 0.18 0.21 0.00 0.00 1.01 0.88 1.47
Chippewa 0.69 0.08 0.86 3.07 1.11 0.19 2.64 2.37 3.64 7.55 8.65 8.82 4.42 10.05 6.39 6.56 3.07 0.00 1.89 3.61 3.01 4.28
Northblue 0.65 0.10 0.82 3.53 0.92 0.84 2.58 2.51 3.22 4.48 4.68 6.03 1.16 3.67 2.56 2.98 0.50 0.00 0.66 2.44 0.40 2.40
Northcountry 0.11 0.03 0.38 0.75 1.01 0.59 0.69 1.35 2.00 2.61 1.45 2.56 1.01 1.71 1.48 1.71 0.91 0.00     1.32
Northland 0.44 0.28 0.69 2.21 1.97 1.52 1.18 2.88 2.34 8.04 7.88 8.74 3.60 10.64 5.00 2.57 2.32 0.00 0.04 3.29 2.01 3.68
Northsky 0.11 0.02 0.10 0.94 0.27 0.25 0.99 0.54 2.07                         0.84
Patriot 0.13 0.02 0.25 0.84 0.71 0.31 0.44 2.10 1.29 2.75 2.60 5.43 1.03 3.95 2.49 1.85 0.28 0.00 0.00 1.84 0.99 1.61
Polaris 0.32 0.09 0.79 2.39 1.85 1.15 1.65 1.70 2.98 7.20 5.28 6.81 5.35 7.70 5.09 2.18 1.31 0.00 0.05 2.65 1.36 3.15
LSD 5%     0.39 0.94 1.08 0.57 1.29 ns 1.56 2.82 2.56 2.67 1.44 3.18 2.62 1.84 1.13   0.94 2.57 1.95  
 Average Berry Weight (g)
Cultivar 1986   1987  1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Mean
Bluecrop ND ND  ND  2.37 2.54 1.97 2.42 2.44 2.75 1.94 2.54 2.09 2.22 1.81 1.69 1.95 1.44 1.80 1.32 2.08
Chippewa ND  ND  ND  1.89 1.58 1.66 2.17 1.94 2.17 1.66 1.99 1.74 2.18 1.49 1.17 1.56 1.82 1.80 1.51 1.06 1.73
Northblue ND  ND  ND  1.48 1.66 1.71 2.05 1.76 2.04 1.61 1.72 1.83 2.07 1.78 1.66 1.45 1.63 1.73 1.39 1.55 1.71
Northcountry ND  ND  ND  1.08 0.86 0.87 1.00 1.10 1.05 0.89 0.88 0.78 0.80 0.69 0.70 1.08 0.72   0.89
Northland ND  ND  ND  1.02 1.32 1.55 1.77 1.49 1.63 1.03 1.67 1.44 1.56 1.05 0.99 1.27 1.15 1.20 1.26 1.15 1.33
Northsky ND  ND  ND  0.91 0.91 1.25 0.90 0.73 0.77                         0.91
Patriot ND  ND  ND  2.04 2.06 2.62 2.40 2.38 3.27 2.95 2.55 2.68 2.56 2.02 2.19 1.80 1.41 2.11 1.36 2.28
Polaris ND  ND  ND  1.57 1.96 2.09 1.94 1.21 2.13 1.26 1.84 1.88 2.01 1.21 1.37 1.20 1.10 1.96 1.54 1.32 1.62
LSD 5% ND  ND  ND  0.54 0.37 0.70 0.43 0.83 0.58 0.71 0.32 0.42 0.42 0.38 0.48 0.62 0.38       0.24