October 23, 2017

Late Season Apple Varieties

 

Cortland

Cortland & its Sports

Origin: McIntosh x Ben Davis, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, 1915.
Harvest Period: Late September to early October.
Fruit Characteristics: Medium size. Sweet to tart, aromatic flavor. Flesh is slow to brown when cut.
Uses: Fresh eating, cooking, salads.
Storage Life: September to November.
Hardiness Zones: 4b, 4a
Tree Characteristics: Vigorous tree is somewhat difficult to manage; a weepy tip-bearer. Prone to blind wood. Very susceptible to scab.

 

Fireside/Connell Red

 Fireside/Connell Red

Origin: Parentage unknown, UM, 1943.
Harvest Period: Mid-October.
Fruit Characteristics: Large fruit. Rich, low acid, sweet flavor. Flesh is fine-grained and juicy, but not very crisp.
Uses: Fresh eating, baked apples, salads.
Storage Life: October to February
Hardiness Zones: 4b, 4a, 3b
Tree Characteristics: Tree is vigorous, weeping, and somewhat difficult to manage due to tip-bearing habit.
Production, Handling, and Marketing Issues: Fruits consistently very large, although occasionally it may produce small green fruit that do not ripen properly. Consumers who prefer sweet apples eagerly await the harvest of Fireside. Connell Red is a red sport of Fireside.

 

Frostbite

 Frostbite™

Origin: Malinda open pollinated
Harvest Period: Late September to mid-October
Fruit Characteristics: Small to medium fruit. Sweet, aromatic flavor that has been compared to sugar cane and molasses. Texture is firm, but crisp and juicy
Uses: Great cider apple, desserts, dried chips, fresh eating.
Storage Life: 3 to 4 months
Hardiness Zones: 3b
Tree Characteristics: Tree has low to medium vigor, spreading
Production, Handling, and Marketing Issues: Info coming soon

 

Haralson

 Haralson and its Color Sports

Origin: Malinda open pollinated, UM, 1922.
Harvest Period: Late September to early October.
Fruit Characteristics: Medium size, striped red, firm texture, complex tart flavor.
Uses: Fresh eating, cooking. Slices stay firm in pies.
Storage Life: October to February.
Hardiness Zones: 4b, 4a, 3b
Tree Characteristics: Tree is of low vigor, easily trained even on standard rootstock. Difficult to keep from biennial bearing cycle. Sets very large, hard-to-thin crops. Often produces lots of small fruit.
Production, Handling, and Marketing Issues: Prone to watercore. Russetting can be a problem. Early consumer demand for this full-flavored, tart apple often leads to premature harvest of sour, starchy apples. Lack of sustained consumer demand sometimes leads to great quantities of fully ripe Haralson fruit being juiced. Haralred is a red sport of Haralson.

 

Honeygold

 Honeygold

Origin: Golden Delicious x Haralson, UM, 1970.
Harvest Period: Mid-September to early October.
Fruit Characteristics: Medium size, golden to yellow-green. Lenticels often raised, pronounced. Crisp, juicy and sweet.
Uses: Fresh eating, cooking.
Storage Life: October to December.
Hardiness Zones: 4b, 4a
Tree Characteristics: Quite susceptible to fireblight.
Production, Handling, and Marketing Issues: Overcropping can lead to small, greenish fruit that ripens unevenly. Thin-skinned fruits bruise very easily. Possibly best suited to pick-your-own operations where only the consumer touches the fruit.

 

Keepsake

 Keepsake

Origin: Frostbite x Northern Spy, UM, 1978.
Harvest Period: Mid-October.
Fruit Characteristics: Small to medium size with irregular shape. Red with scattered dots. Very hard, crisp, yellowish flesh. Sweet, spicy, unusual flavor.
Uses: Fresh eating. Cooking (after storage).
Storage Life: October to April.
Hardiness Zones: 4b, 4a, 3b
Tree Characteristics: Medium vigor, easy to manage.
Production, Handling, and Marketing Issues: Late ripening date puts these apples in danger of being harmed by frost before maturity. Fruit tends to be small. Must be thinned.

 

Regent

 Regent

Origin: Red Duchess x Red Delicious, UM, 1964.
Harvest Period: Early to mid October.
Fruit Characteristics: Medium sized, red-striped. Crisp and juicy with appealing, well-balanced flavor.
Uses: Fresh eating, cooking.
Storage Life: October to February.
Hardiness Zones: 4b, 4a
Tree Characteristics: Tree has moderate vigor and is easily trained. Less winter hardy than any other UM apple release. Best grown in southeastern part of the state. Somewhat susceptible to scab.
Production, Handling, and Marketing Issues: Prone to watercore.

 

Snowsweet

 SnowSweet® (Wildung cultivar)

Harvest Period: Mid-late October
Fruit Characteristics: Medium sized with a bronze-red blush. Taste is sweet with a slight tart balance and rich overtones, firm to crisp texture
Uses: Excellent for fresh eating, snack trays, salads, sauces
Storage Life: October to December
Hardiness Zones: 4a
Tree Characteristics: Moderate vigor, somewhat pendant (drooping) and open. Good fruit adherence. Average to above average resistance to scab and above average resistance to fire blight.
Production, Handling, and Marketing Issues: Info coming soon