September 2, 2015

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Apple Cultivars

 

The fruit breeding program at the University of Minnesota has developed many well-known apple cultivars since Minnehaha was introduced back in 1920. The program released Haralson in 1923, followed by Fireside (1943), Keepsake (1978) and several others.

More recently, you may have heard of a little apple called Honeycrisp™, which exploded onto the scene in 1991. Since then we’ve brought you Zestar!® (Minnewashta cultivar), Frostbite™SnowSweet® (Wildung cultivar), and our most recent cultivar available to commercial Minnesota growers, the Minneiska cultivar, whose fruit are marketed as SweeTango®.

The program is going strong, and we’re working daily to bring you the next delicious winter-hardy apple!

Of course, releases from other breeding programs as well as chance seedlings such as Wealthy and McIntosh also have a place in Minnesota commercial orchards. We recommend cultivars based on their performance in trials at our research centers around the state, as well as at partner orchards in Minnesota.

Hardiness ratings refer to the 2012 USDA Plant Hardiness Zones map.

Early Season Cultivars


Zestar!™

State Fair

Paula Red

Wealthy

Mid Season Cultivars


Honeycrisp

SweeTango®

Sweet Sixteen

McIntosh

Chestnut Crab

Late Season Cultivars


Cortland

Fireside/Connell Red

Frostbite™

Haralson

Honeygold

Keepsake

Regent

SnowSweet

Find more information on apple cultivars at www.extension.org/apples.