April 23, 2014

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Apple Cultivars

 

The fruit breeding program at the University of Minnesota has developed many well-known apple cultivars since Minnehaha was introduced back in 1920. The program released Haralson in 1923, followed by Fireside (1943), Keepsake (1978) and several others.

More recently, you may have heard of a little apple called Honeycrisp™, which exploded onto the scene in 1991. Since then we’ve brought you Zestar!® (Minnewashta cultivar), Frostbite™SnowSweet® (Wildung cultivar), and our most recent cultivar available to commercial Minnesota growers, the Minneiska cultivar, whose fruit are marketed as SweeTango®.

The program is going strong, and we’re working daily to bring you the next delicious winter-hardy apple!

Of course, releases from other breeding programs as well as chance seedlings such as Wealthy and McIntosh also have a place in Minnesota commercial orchards. We recommend cultivars based on their performance in trials at our research centers around the state, as well as at partner orchards in Minnesota.

Hardiness ratings refer to the 2012 USDA Plant Hardiness Zones map.

Early Season Cultivars


Zestar!™
 

State Fair
 

Paula Red
 

Wealthy
 

Mid Season Cultivars


Honeycrisp™
 

SweeTango®
 

Sweet Sixteen
 

McIntosh
 

Chestnut Crab
 

Late Season Cultivars


Cortland
 

Fireside/Connell Red
 

Frostbite
 

Haralson
 

Honeygold
 

Keepsake
 

Regent
 

Snowsweet
 

Find more information on apple cultivars at www.extension.org/apples.